Tuesday, April 25, 2017

News Literacy Results are In!



The Sullivan University Library celebrated National Library Week with the theme of The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: News Literacy. One part of the news literacy theme involved two quizzes, which tested participants’ knowledge and evaluation skills of news stories. Questions on the quizzes were about subjects as varied as the Pope’s comments on the 2016 U.S. Presidential election to whether or not a major retailer was selling a rock in its stores.

The results are in, and they show that about 20 people took at least one of the quizzes. With average scores on tests A and B at 69% and 40% respectively, these quizzes reflect how tough it can be to determine what is real and what is fiction.

The images below provide a snapshot of each test’s statistics.
Test A

 
Test B
 
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Monday, April 24, 2017

NLW: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly-Get Real

 
Today's post has links to not one but two sites to enable you to become more news literate.
  1. BuzzFeed has a checklist people can use to determine if what they are reading is legitimate or not. One of the Sullivan University instructors, Brielle White, recommended the checklist to the library staff.
  2. The Center for News Literacy has a glossary of terms, like bias and indirect evidence, related to news literacy. Check out the site to see how well you know the lingo. 
 

Tuesday, April 18, 2017

Selling the News


As the song, "Selling the News" by the band Switchfoot says, “Opinions are easier to swallow than facts, the greys instead of the whites and the blacks.”

The University of West Georgia’s Ingram Library developed a website to raise awareness of what resources are available to help students evaluate the information they see.  .


http://libguides.westga.edu/newsliteracy/factcheck

After visiting the fact-checking site, let the Sullivan librarians know whether or not the site was helpful.

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Source: Foreman, J. (2011). Selling the News. [Recorded by Switchfoot]. On Vice Verses. [CD]. New York: Atlantic Records.

Image from Flickr: https://goo.gl/images/B7kLZi 

Thursday, April 13, 2017

NLW: The Good, the Bad, & the Ugly: 60 Minutes Reports


In this 60 Minutes segment that aired on March 26, 2017, CBS reporter Scott Pelley discusses the how easy it can be to generate false news.  

Wednesday, April 12, 2017

NLW-The Good, the Bad & the Ugly: Real or Altered?

Photo Fact-Checking in a Digital Age

Frog takes a trip during a NASA launch. Real? Or Altered?
  1. First, ask some questions about the image? Where did you see it? Is it associated with a news story? Is there an image credit listed? If the image was of a famous person, can you find that specific image on the person’s verified social media accounts?
  2. Next, dig deeper and do a reverse image search on the specific image using Google Images or TinEye.com. To do so, right click on the image and copy the image’s url by selecting either the option to Copy (Bing) or Copy Link Address (Chrome).
  3. Go to Google’s image search, http://images.google.com, click on the camera icon that is inside the search box and paste the image’s url into the search box. A list of links where the image appears online will come on the screen.
  4. On the website TinEye, https://www.tineye.com/, paste the image url in the search box to see links to where the specific image appears online.
  5. If the image you searched for looks different from the images that appear in the links found by Google or TinEye, be suspicious of the content of the image you have.
Also, check out this informative video by the News Literacy Project’s Chicago program manager. The program manager walks viewers step-by-step through the process of determining the legitimacy of a photograph.


By the way, the NASA picture at the top of this page is real (Haskell, 2013).
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Sources:
  • Haskell, J. (2013, September 12). Flying Frog Caught on Camera at NASA Moon Rocket Launch. Retrieved from: http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/nasa-rocket-launch-accidentally-lifts-frog-space/story?id=20237426
  • Owen, M. (2014, June 10). Photo fact-checking in the digital age [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/Ewrx1lDhVPE


Tuesday, April 11, 2017

NLW*: The Good, the Bad & the Ugly-News Literacy

Hoaxy


Hoaxy is a beta website, still in the testing phase, created by the Indiana University Network Science Institute and the Center for Complex Networks and Systems Research. Per the creators of the Hoaxy website it is designed to help users of the web to, “visualize the spread of claims and related fact checking online” (Hoaxy, 2017).

The site also says:
-The claims may be a fake news article, hoax, rumor, conspiracy theory, satire, or even an accurate report. Hoaxy, “does not decide what claims are true or not.” Users are encouraged to select the links to fact-checking websites like Snopes or FactCheck.org to determine the validity of a claim (Hoaxy, 2017). 

Anyone can use Hoaxy to explore how claims spread across social media. Users can select any matching fact-checking articles to observe how those spread as well.

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*NLW = National Library Week
Sources:
  • Shao, C., Ciampaglia, G.L., Flammini, A., and Menczer, F. (2016). Hoaxy: A Platform for Tracking Online Misinformation. In Proceedings of the 25th International Conference Companion on World Wide Web (WWW '16 Companion). Pages 745-750. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2872518.2890098



Monday, April 10, 2017

National Library Week: The Good, the Bad & the Ugly-News Literacy

Allsides

The library staff found many resources about news literacy. While we were not able to display all of our tips for you, DO come into the Library and Learning Resource Center to check out our display.

Each class day this month we will share a video, a website, or a written checklist that can help you be more informed and news literate. Today's site of interest is AllSides. 



Allsides is a website that, “unlike regular news services, exposes bias and provides multiple angles on the same story so you can quickly get the full picture, not just one slant.”

Visitors to this website can see a news story about the attempt to repeal the Affordable Care Act from a variety of sources from the political right, the political left, and the middle.

In addition to seeing news stories from different political perspectives, the site has a glossary of controversial terms with commentary from multiple viewpoints and a list of different media outlets (NBC, CBS, Fox, Buzzfeed) and their typical biases.

See how news literate you are by taking one of our news literacy quizzes:
News literacy test A

News literacy test B
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Source: Allsides. (2017). All about Allsides. Retrieved from: https://www.allsides.com/about 



Tuesday, March 14, 2017

Women’s History Month: A Different Kind of Supper Club

The Astronaut Wives Club, 1959. Back row, Jo Schirra and Louise Shepard; middle row, Annie Glenn, Rene Carpenter and Marjorie Slayton; bottom row, Trudy Cooper and Betty Grissom
(Life Magazine, cover photo, September 21, 1959)
The Astronaut Wives Club: A True Story by Lily Koppel; 629.45 K83a
The wives of the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo astronauts joined together to support and encourage one another through the historic flights, the national publicity campaigns, and even heartbreaking loss. In this engaging book, Lily Koppel tells about the lives of Louise Shepard, Annie Glenn, Jo Schirra, Betty Grissom, and the other wives of the astronauts. Per the publisher this is, “the real story of the women who stood beside some of the biggest heroes in American history.”

Did you know that women trained to be astronauts at the same time that John Glenn and Alan Shepherd were training? Check out this blog post to learn about Wally Funk and the other women known as the Mercury 13.

7 members of the Mercury 13, pictured in 1995
(NASA, public domain)
Want even more?

Monday, March 13, 2017

Women’s History Month: She Works Hard for the Money


The book, Earning It: Hard-Won Lessons from Trailblazing Women at the Top of the Business World; (650.1082 L929e), contains stories from women in the business world who broke the glass ceiling barrier. Joann Lublin, the author and a glass-ceiling breaker herself, talks with and shares insights from fifty women who became leaders, and she presents her own story along with those she interviews.

Visit this blog post to find out about Lilly Ledbetter, another woman who broke barriers in the business world.

Wednesday, March 8, 2017

Women's History Month: Genetics Pioneer

Nettie Stevens


Upon her death, Dr. Nettie Stevens received notoriety in two publications, the journal, Science, and the newspaper, The New York Times. What prompted the national coverage of her death? Stevens, who had degrees from Stanford and Bryn Mawr and had studied genetics in Germany, determined how the male of a species determines the sex of the offspring (Gelling, 2016). Sadly, Dr. Stevens was not able to see all the results of her studies because she died of breast cancer when she was just 50 years old (Gelling, 2016). To learn more about Dr. Stevens and her work, visit one of these sites:
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Sources:
Gelling, C. (2016, March 31). Nettie Stevens: Sex Chromosomes and Sexism [Web log post]. Genes to Genomes Blog. Retrieved from: http://genestogenomes.org/nettie-stevens-sex-chromosomes-and-sexism/

Tuesday, March 7, 2017

Women's History Month: Cooking from the Hip and the Heart

Cat Cora

Cat Cora, a Food Network and Iron Chef star, has cooking in her roots, so to speak, because her grandfather and uncle had restaurants in Mississippi. Chef Cora’s training at the Culinary Institute of America and under chefs in the United States and France, including Roger Vergé and Georges Blanc, prepared her well. She was able to cook for and impress Chef Jacques Pépin, and she also became the first female Iron Chef on the Food Network show, Iron Chef America. (Hamilton, pp. 87-93)

The library has materials by or about Chef Cat Cora, and they are listed below for you. You may borrow any of the following from the Sullivan Lexington Library:
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Sources:
Cora, C. (2015). Cooking as Fast as I Can. New York: Scribner.

Hamilton, D. and Kuh, P., eds. (2007). Chef’s Story: 27 Chefs Talk about What Got Them into the Kitchen. New York: Harper Perennial. Pp. 87-95

Check out this blog post about a book that features other female chefs.

Monday, March 6, 2017

Women's History Month: Distinct and Dignified

Coretta Scott King-


Ms. King with her husband's portrait
The widow of civil rights activist Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. supported her husband and left a legacy of her own. She marched with him, attended meetings in his absence, helped coordinate meetings, cared for their four children, and managed their home (Vivian, p. 45).

Mrs. King has a children’s book award named in her honor, The Coretta Scott King Book Award. This award is given annually by the American Library Association’s Ethnic Materials Information Exchange Round Table (EMIERT), and it was founded in 1969 by Mabel McKissack and Glyndon Greer (ALA, 2017). The 2017 winner of the Coretta Scott King author award was the book March Book: Three by Congressman John Lewis and author Andrew Aydin. (ALA, Coretta, 2017)

The Lexington Library and Learning Resource Center has a book about Ms. King, available for borrowing: Coretta: The Story of Coretta Scott King by Octavia Vivian; call number: 323.092 V858c
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Sources:
American Library Association. (2017). The Coretta Scott King Book Awards. Retrieved from: http://www.ala.org/emiert/cskbookawards

American Library Association. (2017). The History of the Coretta Scott King Book Awards. Retrieved from: http://www.ala.org/emiert/cskbookawards/about

The King Center. (2014). About Mrs. King: Coretta Scott King. Retrieved from: http://www.thekingcenter.org/about-mrs-king

Vivian, O. (2006). Coretta: The Story of Coretta Scott King. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Wednesday, March 1, 2017

Women's History Month: Sisters Holding Court

Sandra Day O’Connor, Ruth Bader Ginsburg,
Sonia Sotomayor, Elena Kagan


Left to right: Justices O'Conner, Sotomayor, Ginsburg, Kagan
The four women who have served as justices for the nation’s highest court were nominated by three different presidents. Three of the justices graduated from Ivy League schools (Harvard, Yale, and Cornell), and the fourth from Stanford, yet their formative years were not necessarily as privileged as their higher education institutions suggest.

To learn more about these historic women, stop by the library and borrow some of the books we have about them, visit this blog post, or go to the Supreme Court’s website.

Books at the Sullivan Lexington Library

Breaking In: The Rise of Sonia Sotomayor and the Politics of Justice by Joan Biskupic; 343.7326 B622b


Out of Order: Stories from the History of the Supreme Court by Sandra Day O’Connor; 347.7326 O18o

Ruth Bader Ginsburg by Linda Bayer; 347.73 B357r

Sandra Day O’Connor; DVD 347.7324 S219
  


Sonia Sotomayor: The True American Dream by Antonia Felix; 347.73 F316s

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Source:
Supreme Court of the United States. (24 February, 2017). Biographies of Current Justices of the Supreme Court. Retrieved from: https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographies.aspx

Tuesday, February 28, 2017

Black History Month: Hidden Figure on the West Coast

Janez Lawson


Janez Lawson, front row center

With a degree in chemical engineering, Janez Lawson, joined the team of computers (women mathematicians and scientists) at the Jet Propulsion Lab in California. She became the first African-American woman to be a part of the team, and Ms. Lawson was one of two women who received advance training from IBM about how to use their computers. Ms. Lawson learned how to program the IBM 701 computer. After working for the Jet Propulsion Lab, Ms. Lawson worked as a chemical engineer for the Ramo-Wooldridge Corporation, an aeronautical company (Holt, 127).
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Sources:
Holland, B. (2016). Human Computers: The Women of NASA. History.com. Retrieved from: http://www.history.com/news/human-computers-women-at-nasa

Holt, N. (2016). Rise of the Rocket Girls: The Women Who Propelled Us, from Missiles to the Moon to Mars. New York: Little, Brown and Company.